Péter Balázs joined the Government and the diplomatic service of Hungary several times. He was a State Secretary for Industry and Trade (1992-1993) and a State Secretary for European Integration (2002-2003). He was nominated Ambassador of Hungary to Denmark (1994-1996), Germany (1997-2000) and to the EU in Brussels (2003-2004). In 2009-2010 he was Foreign Minister of Hungary. He also acquired experience in various EU positions. He was the Government Representative of Hungary in the European Convention drafting the Constitutional Treaty, which became, after several modifications, the Lisbon Treaty. In 2004 he was nominated the first Hungarian Member of the European Commission responsible for regional policy. On the invitation of the European Commission he coordinates priority projects of the Trans-European Transport Network. Professor Balázs holds an ad personam Jean Monnet Chair at the Central European University. His research activities are centered on the foreign policy of the EU and problems of the late modernization and European integration of the Eastern part of the continent. He also analyzes questions of European and global governance including the future of European institutions. He established (in 2005) and directs the CEU Center for EU Enlargement Studies (CENS). He has published several books, chapters in books and articles.
2016 Dr. Jean Mayer Award Recipients
John Bowen is the Dunbar-Van Cleve Professor in Arts and Sciences, Sociocultural Anthropology, at The Washington University of St. Louis. His research focuses on comparative social studies of Islam across the world. His own ethnographic studies take place in Indonesia, France, and England, but he works with students and colleagues in field sites across Europe, Asia, the Middle East, and Africa. He analyzes how Muslims (judges and scholars, public figures, ordinary people) work across plural sources of norms and values, including diverse interpretations of the Islamic tradition, law codes and decisions, and local social norms. His publications include On British Islam: Religion, Law, and Everyday Practice in Shari’a Councils; “France after Charlie Hebdo”, and European States and Their Muslim Citizens: The Impact of Institutions on Perceptions and Boundaries (co-editor).
Jocelyne Cesari is a senior fellow at the Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, and World Affairs and associate professor of the practice of religion, peace, and conflict resolution in Georgetown’s Department of Government. She is also professor of religion and politics at the University of Birmingham in the United Kingdom, as well as director of research at Birmingham’s Edward Cadbury Centre for the Public Understanding of Religion. A renowned scholar of Islam and Middle Eastern politics, she teaches on contemporary Islam at Harvard Divinity School and directs the Harvard interfaculty program “Islam in the West,” as well as the Berkley Center’s Islam and World Politics program. Professor Cesari’s research focuses on Islam and globalization, Islam and secularism, immigration, and religious pluralism. Recent books include The Islamic Awakening: Religion, Democracy and Modernity and Why the West Fears Islam: An Exploration of Islam in Western Liberal Democracies. Her book, When Islam and Democracy Meet: Muslims in Europe and in the United States is a reference in the study of European Islam and integration of Muslim minorities in secular democracies. She edited the 2015 Oxford Handbook of European Islam. She coordinates a major web resource on Islam in Europe: http://www.euro-islam.info/. A French political scientist, Professor Cesari is tenured at the French National Center for Scientific Research in Paris. In the United States, She has held multiple professorships at Columbia University, Harvard University, and John Hopkins University. From 2011 to 2012, she was the Minerva Chair at the National Defense University, conducting research on Islam and democratization in the context of the Arab Spring.
Combatants for Peace
Combatants for Peace is a group of Palestinians and Israelis who have taken an active part in the cycle of violence in their region: Israeli soldiers serving in the IDF and Palestinians as combatants fighting to free their country, Palestine, from Israeli occupation. Working for peace at the local level in both communities, Combatants for Peace believes that the conflict cannot be resolved, through military means, by either of the parties.
Karl Kaiser is Adjunct Professor of Public Policy at the Kennedy School and Senior Associate of the Program on Transatlantic Relations of the Weatherhead Center for International Affairs at Harvard University. He was educated at the Universities of Cologne, Grenoble and Oxford and taught at the Universities of Bonn, Johns Hopkins (Bologna), Saarbruecken, Cologne, the Hebrew University, and the Departments of Government and Social Studies of Harvard. He was a Director of the German Council on Foreign Relations, Bonn/Berlin and an advisor to Chancellors Brandt and Schmidt. He was a member of the German Council of Environmental Advisors. He serves on the Board of Asia-Pacific Review, Internationale Politik, Russia in Global Affairs, the Advisory Board of the American-Jewish Committee, Berlin, and the Board of the Center for International Security and Governance.
Uwe Kitzinger CBE
Uwe Kitzinger CBE. In 1951, Uwe Kitzinger was appointed the first British economist of the Council of Europe in Strasbourg, where he became Secretary of the Economic Committee. In 1956, he was elected a Fellow and in 1962 Investment Bursar of Nuffield College, Oxford, posts he held until 1976. He took various sabbaticals during his time at Nuffield: first in 1964/5 to the University of the West Indies as Visiting Professor of International Relations and consultant to the Rockefeller Foundation to advise on training diplomats and economists for the newly independent countries of the Caribbean; in 1969/70 to Harvard as Visiting Professor of Government taking over the seminar on European Politics from Henry Kissinger who had been called to the White House; then in 1970-73 as Visiting Professor at the University of Paris. During these years Kitzinger, became a very public champion of British accession to the European Community and when Britain did join in January 1973 he was appointed political Counsellor to the first British Vice-President of the European Commission, Sir Christopher Soames, who carried the chief responsibility for the Community’s external relations. In 1976, he was appointed Dean of the Management School INSEAD in Fontainebleau, and in 1983 became founding President of Templeton College Oxford. He returned to Harvard as Visiting Scholar from 1993 to 2003. Uwe Kitzinger was active in various other spheres: in 1967-70 he founded and chaired the Committee on Atlantic Studies; from 1982 to 1987 he was founding Chairman of the Major Projects Association of (now 80) leading international finance and engineering companies engaged on macro-projects like the Channel tunnel; he served on the Council of the Royal Institute of International Affairs (Chatham House) 1973-84, the National Council of the European Movement 1974-76 and the Council of Oxfam 1983-91. With his wife Sheila, he founded “Lentils for Dubrovnik” in 1991, a charity to deliver essential supplies to refugees in Croatia. He founded the Journal of Common Market Studies in 1962. He is a member of the IGL External Advisory Board.
Kalypso Nicolaïdis is professor of International Relations and director of the Center for International Studies at the University of Oxford. She was previously associate professor at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government. She is chair of Southeastern European Studies at Oxford and Council member of the European Council of Foreign Relations. In 2012-2013, she was Emile Noel-Straus Senior Fellow at NYU Law School (2012-2013). In 2008-2010, she was a member of the Gonzales reflection group on the future of Europe 2030 set up by the European Council. She also served as advisor on European affairs to George Papandreou in the 90s and early 2000s, the Dutch government in 2004, the UK government, the European Parliament, the European Commission, OECD and UNCTAD. She has published widely on international relations, global governance, trade ethics, law and democracy promotion, as well as the internal and external aspects of European integration in numerous journals including Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, The Journal of Common Market Studies, Journal of European Public Policy and International Organization. Her last publications are “Special Issue on Normative Power Europe” (in the journal Conflict and Cooperation) and European Stories: Intellectual Debates on Europe in National Context.
Padraig O'Malley is the John Joseph Moakley Distinguished Professor of Peace and Reconciliation at the McCormack Graduate School of Policy and Global Studies, University of Massachusetts, Boston. He has spent his career helping to resolve conflicts around the world and has written extensively on the subject, including the books Shades of Difference: Mac Maharaj and the Struggle for South Africa, Biting at the Grave: The Irish Hunger Strikes, and The Politics of Despair, one of the New York Times' best books of 1990. O'Malley is the founder of the Forum for Cities in Transition, an international network of divided cities that work together to promote reconciliation, civic participation, and economic development. His new book is The Two-State Delusion: Israel and Palestine, A Tale of Two Narratives.
In September 2007, O’Malley, in collaboration with Nobel Prize winner Marti Ahtisaari’s Crisis Management Initiative (CMI) and the Institute for Global Leadership (IGL) at Tufts University, assembled senior negotiators from Northern Ireland and South Africa to meet in Helsinki with their counterparts from Iraq. The partnership was known as “The Iraq Project”; the meeting became known as “Helsinki I.” O’Malley spent six months in Baghdad meeting with members of the Iraqi parliament to arrange meetings in Helsinki. There was a second round of talks in April 2008 (Helsinki II), and in July 2008, 36 leaders from all political parties in Iraq met with the same Northern Ireland and South African facilitators and negotiators. This last session resulted in the “Helsinki Agreement,” a series of principles that became the basis for exploring political reconciliation in Iraq in 2009.
Srđa Popović was one of the founders and key organizers of the Serbian nonviolent resistance group Otpor! Otpor!’s campaign to unseat Serbian president Slobodan Milosovic found success in October 2000 when hundreds of thousands of protestors converged upon and took over the Serbian Parliament, effectively ending Milosevic’s rule. After the revolution, Popović served a term as a member of the Serbian National Assembly 2000-2003. In 2003, Popović and other ex-Otpor! activists started the nonprofit educational institution the Centre for Applied Nonviolent Action and Strategies (CANVAS) (www.canvasopedia.org). CANVAS has worked with people from 37 countries, including Zimbabwe, Burma, Iran and Venezuela, spreading knowledge on nonviolent strategies and tactics that was used by the Serbian pro-democracy movement to other non-democratic countries. CANVAS has worked with the activists responsible for successful movements such as the Georgian “Rose Revolution” of 2003 and the Ukrainian “Orange Revolution” of 2004-2005. It also transferred knowledge to Lebanese activists in 2004 to address the crisis after the assassination of Prime Minister Harriri, and assisted participants in the Maldives’ revolution in 2008. Recently CANVAS has worked with April 6th, a key group in the Egyptian nonviolent uprising, as well as other groups from the Middle East.
General the Lord David Julian Richards
General the Lord David Julian Richards of Herstmonceux GCB, CBE, DSO, DL, is a retired senior British Army officer who was formerly the Chief of the Defence Staff, the professional head of the British Armed Forces and military strategic adviser to the British government as well as a member of the National Security Council. Richards served with NATO as a major general, and he commanded the International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan as a lieutenant general in 2006/7. Richards became Commander-in-Chief Land Forces of the British Army in 2008 and held this role until 2009 when he was appointed Chief of the General Staff, the head of the British Army. He was appointed Chief of the Defence Staff the following year, retiring finally in July 2013. In 2014, Richards was created a Life Peer taking the title Baron Richards of Herstmonceux. He sits in the House of Lords as a crossbencher. His memoir Taking Command was published to considerable acclaim in October 2014.
Ambassador Lamberto Zannier
Ambassador Lamberto Zannier took up the post of OSCE Secretary General on 1 July 2011. Amb Zannier is an Italian career diplomat. From June 2008 to June 2011, he was UN Special Representative for Kosovo and Head of the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK). From 2002 to 2006, he was the Director of the Conflict Prevention Centre of the OSCE. Previous senior positions include Permanent Representative of Italy to the Executive Council of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons in The Hague (2000-2002), chairperson of the negotiations on the adaptation of the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (1998-1999), and Head of Disarmament, Arms Control and Cooperative Security at NATO (1991-1997).
2015 Dr. Jean Mayer Award Recipients
Yevgenia Albats is editor-in-chief of the Russian political weekly The New Times. She is also an anchor with the Echo Moskva broadcast- ing and a recipient of several journalism awards worldwide. She received the Golden Pen Award in 1989, the highest journalism honor in the then-Soviet Union. She was an Alfred Friendly fellow in 1990 and a fellow of the Nieman Foundation for Journalism at Harvard University in 1993. Albats is the author of four books, including The State Within A State: KGB and Its Hold on Russia Past, Present and Future. She is a permanent professor at the Higher School of Economics in Moscow.
Co-Founder Innocence International
Exoneree and Co-Defendant with Rubin “Hurricane” Carter; former Counselor, Timber Ridge Residential Center for Boys; former Correctional Officer, White Post Detention Center
John Artis received the Dr. Jean Mayer Award for Global Citizenship on November 19, 2014.
For the recognition of his moral courage in addressing the legacy of Argentina’s “Dirty War,” the Instutite for Global Leadership was honored to present Marcelo Brodsky with the Dr. Jean Mayer Global Citizenship Award. Brodsky, Argentina's leading Human Rights photographer and conceptual artist, is highly regarded for his contributions and activism within the field of human rights. Having personally witnessed the political genocide resulting from the Argentinian military dictatorship while growing up, through his art and photographs, he was able to connect the personal with the political, intensifying the impact of both. Today, Brodsky's work has been featured in numerous museums, and has also presented a variety of lectures in universities and museums around the world.
Rubin "Hurricane" Carter
Posthumous Dr. Jean Mayer Global Citizenship Award
After being wrongly convicted twice for a triple murder and imprisoned for nearly two decades, Rubin "Hurricane" Carter was exonerated in 1985 and we remember him for his incredibly admirable activist work in helping the wrongly convicted.
(May 6, 1937 to April 20, 2014)
Masha Gessen, former Nieman Fellow in Journalism at Harvard University, she has written for The New York Times, International Herald Tribune, The Guardian, U.S. News & World Report, Vanity Fair, New Republic, Granta, and Slate. Gessen is the author of The Man Without a Face: The Unlikely Rise of Vladimir Putin, Perfect Rigor: A Genius and the Mathematical Breakthrough of the Century, a biography of Grigori Perelman. Her most recent books are Words Will Break Cement: The Passion of Pussy Riot; And The Brothers: The Road to an American Tragedy on the Tsarnaevs and Boston Marathon bombing. Gessen has written extensively on LGBT rights and help founded the Pink Triangle Campaign.
Shiv Khemka, Vice Chairman of the SUN Group, is a leading principal investor and private equity fund manager in Russia, India and other emerging and transforming markets. A “Global Leader for Tomorrow” and member of the Global Agenda Council on Education of the World Economic Forumin Davos, he is also member of the Forum’s “Foreign Business Leaders’ Council” for Russia. He is the chairman of the Russia Country Committee of the Confederation of Indian Industry, and also a Co-Founder of the Council of the Moscow School of Management, “Skolkovo.” He serves on the Boards of The Wharton School, the School of Oriental and African Studies in London, the Eurasia Group in New York, and the International Advisory Council at the International Crisis Group.
Robert Legvold is the Marshall D. Shulman Professor Emeritus in the Department of Political Science at Columbia University. He was Director of The Harriman Institute of Columbia University and a former Senior Fellow and Director of the Soviet Studies Project at the Council on Foreign Relations in New York. A former faculty member of the Department of Political Science at Tufts University, he was the project director for “Rethinking U.S. Policy toward Russia” at the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and was director of the “Euro-Atlantic Security Initiative” sponsored by the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. His most recent books areThe Policy World Meets Academia: Designing U.S. Policy toward Russia and Russian Foreign Policy in the Twenty-first Century and the Shadow of the Past.
Suzanne Massie has been involved in many aspects of study and work in the Soviet Union/Russia for 38 years. Her ability as an interpreter of Russian culture and bridge builder between the Russian and American people has been acknowledged by both countries. In Russia she has been the subject of a documentary film, is the winner of a prestigious literary prize and is an active participant in the cultural and social concerns of the city of St. Petersburg. In the United States her books: Land of the Firebird, Pavlovsk, The Living Mirror, Journey and Nicholas and Alexandra, on which she worked with her former husband Robert K. Massie, have been read by millions. She has worked in the development of art exhibitions with many of the foremost art museums of both the United States and Russia including the Hermitage, the Russian Museum, the National Gallery and the Metropolitan Museum. She has lectured widely in the United States before academic, military, business, government, religious, public affairs, civic and cultural groups. She has been consulted by many members of Congress and the Senate, and from 1984-88 advised President Ronald Reagan, meeting with him 21 times during the critical years of the ending of the Cold War. A fellow of the Harvard Russian Research Center (now the Davis Center) from 1985-97, she has also served on the Board of the International League for Human Rights. In 1991 she was appointed as the only lay member of the Permanent Episcopal-Orthodox Coordinating Committee which has involved bi-annual discussions in Russia and the United States with hierarchs of the church.
Ambassador Jack Matlock
Ambassador Jack Matlock, Jr. is an American former ambassador, career Foreign Service Officer, a teacher, a historian, and a linguist. He was a specialist in Soviet affairs during some of the most tumultuous years of the Cold War, and served as U.S. Ambassador to the Soviet Union from 1987 to 1991. His 35-year career encompassed much of the Cold War period between the Soviet Union and the United States. His first assignment to Moscow was in 1961, and it was from the embassy there that he experienced the 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis, helping to translate diplomatic messages between the leaders. At the beginning of détente, he was Director of Soviet Affairs in the State Department, and began to participate in the summit meetings between the leaders, eventually attending all but one of the U.S. – Soviet summits held in the 20-year period 1972–91. Matlock was back in Moscow in 1974, serving in the number two position in the embassy for four years. The Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in early 1980 ended the period of reduced tensions. Matlock was assigned to Moscow again in 1981 as acting ambassador during the first part of Ronald Reagan’s presidency. Reagan appointed him as ambassador to Czechoslovakia and later asked him to return to Washington in 1983 to work at the National Security Council, with the assignment to develop a negotiating strategy to end the arms race. When Mikhail Gorbachev became the leader of the Soviet Union in 1985, arms negotiations and summit meetings resumed. Matlock was appointed ambassador to the Soviet Union in 1987 and saw the last years of the Soviet Union before he retired from the Foreign Service in 1991. After leaving the Foreign Service, he wrote an account of the end of the Soviet Union titled Autopsy on an Empire, followed by an account of the end of the Cold War titled Reagan and Gorbachev: How the Cold War Ended.
Memorial - Accepted by Kirill Koroteev
Memorial--Accepted by Kirill Koroteev, the senior lawyer with Memorial Human Rights Centre (Moscow). He has worked with the European Human Rights Advocacy Centre on numerous cases lodged against the Russian Federation with the European Court of Human Rights. He was also a charge de mission for the International Federation for Human Rights (Paris) on Belarus and Armenia. He is currently an allocataire de recherche at the University of Paris I Pantheon-Sorbonne.
Matthew Murray was appointed by the Obama Administration to serve as Deputy Assistant Secretary for Europe and Eurasia at the U.S. Department of Commerce in March 2012. On October 1, 2013, following the International Trade Administration’s reorganization and creation of the Global Markets unit, Mr. Murray became Deputy Assistant Secretary for Europe, the Middle East, and Africa. In this capacity, he leads the Department of Commerce’s efforts to help form trade policy and solve market access issues facing U.S. firms seeking to expand their business operations in Europe, the Middle East, and Africa. He is responsible for developing and recommending policies, strategies, and programs to advance U.S. economic and commercial interests in 117 countries, as well as the European Union. Prior to his appointment to the U.S. Department of Commerce, Murray had a distinguished career in business, law, the non-profit sector, and public service. Murray was most recently President of Sovereign Ventures, Inc., a risk management firm that he founded in 1991 to advise multinational corporations and multilateral institutions on how to reduce governance and corruption risk in Russia, Central Asia, and Eastern Europe. Mr. Murray led an interdisciplinary team that provided risk-mapping, guidance on compliance with the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, forensic investigation, and government relations services. In this position, Murray helped mediate several major commercial disputes between foreign investors and local government agencies in the region. Murray has extensive experience as a busi- ness executive in the energy industry, having served as Corruption Risk Manager at TNK-BP Management Ltd., the third largest Russian producer of oil and gas, between 2007 and 2009. Mr. Murray reported directly to the CEO and Board of Directors on policy initiatives to reduce potential risk in licensing, sales, and gas station and pipeline construction.
Ambassador Thomas Pickering is vice chairman of Hills & Company, an international consulting firm providing advice to U.S. businesses on investment, trade, and risk assessment issues abroad, particularly in emerging market economies. He retired in 2006 as senior vice president international relations for Boeing. He has had a career spanning five decades as a U.S. diplomat, serving as under secretary of state for political affairs, ambassador to the United Nations, ambassador to Russia, India, Israel, Nigeria, Jordan and El Salvador. He also served on assignments in Zanzibar and Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. He holds the personal rank of Career Ambassador, the highest in the U.S. Foreign Service. He has held numerous other positions at the State Department, including executive secretary and special assistant to Secretaries Rogers and Kissinger and assistant secretary for the bureau of oceans, environmental and scientific affairs.
Dmitri Trenin, director of the Carnegie Moscow Center, has been with the center since its inception. He also chairs the research council and the Foreign and Security Policy Program. He retired from the Russian Army in 1993. From 1993–1997, Trenin held a post as a senior research fellow at the Institute of Europe in Moscow. In 1993, he was a senior research fellow at the NATO Defense College in Rome. He served in the Soviet and Russian armed forces from 1972 to 1993, including experience working as a liaison officer in the external relations branch of the Group of Soviet Forces (stationed in Potsdam) and as a staff member of the delegation to the U.S.-Soviet nuclear arms talks in Geneva from 1985 to 1991. He also taught at the War Studies Department of the Military Institute from 1986 to 1993.
Major General Pavel Zolotarev
Major General (ret.) Pavel Zolotarev is the Deputy Director of the Institute for U.S. and Canada Studies at the Russian Academy of Sciences and a professor at the Academy of Military Sciences. He previously served as head of the Information and Analysis Center of the Russian Ministry of Defense and deputy chief of staff of the Defense Council of Russia.